The negative image of its absolute and eternal being which the soul projects into intellectual existence, the artificial world of the city, is precisely the idea of the individual self. Leaving behind the reality of absolute being the soul enters the delusion of intellectual existence. Abjuring the absolute categories of the infinite and the eternal, leaving behind the absolute values of morality, justice, peace and mercy, the fallen soul becomes self-conscious within the relative actualities of existence, affirming its own existence as an individual self, a negative image of being. Whereas the soul is guided by moral values founded on absolute principles the self, an image of non-being projected into intellectual existence, rejects morality, the values of absolute principles, and constructs systems of ethics founded on relative principles.
The reality of being is absolute and transcendent to every actuality in existence. This absolute being is spiritual, encompassing the void and the physical universe within the void. The universe is a universe of relativity in which the only presence of the absolute is the presence of the void at the center of each living being. Within the relative actualities there can be no absolutes. These relative actualities are limited by the boundaries of rational thought, and it is precisely faith that introduces the absolute into the actual universe, not as idea but as transcendent reality. Faith instructs us that the reality of being transcends the actuality of intellectual existence. This reality is transcendent and absolute while existence is intellectual and confined to a rational universe where everything is relative.
Existence is not being. Existence, the field of relativity, only exists within the human intellect, discovered when the conscious mind moves from an immediate perception of the universe as unity into a reflective cognizance of the universe as a duality. The soul falls from an immediate subjectivity to the absolute categories of being into a reflective and objective perception of the relative categories of existence, from positive into positive and negative, from good into good and evil, from innocence into innocence and guilt. Existence is the objective invention of a human, rational, intellect that has fallen from a subjective contemplation of a reality that is spiritual and infinite into an objective actuality that is material and finite. The rational intellect fails to distinguish between reality and existence and, rejecting the void, which cannot be experienced or thought, denies the reality of the absolute, the reality of spirit and the reality of being. God does not exist, which is to say that God does not inhabit human intellectual existence. Absolute being simply is, eternal, infinite and absolute and to actualize that being we need a particular religion which provides a dogma of faith in a transcendent and absolute being that has appeared within the actualities of relative existence, an unthinkable paradox that can only be believed, can only be related to by faith. Whether we like it or not, whether we admit it or not, we are held captive in a world of both good and evil, of both positive and negative, of both attraction and repulsion and a world, moreover, where the negative appears to be increasing in power and the good diminishing. To be redeemed from that world we need faith in an absolute being and a moral discipline founded on the absolute principles which can be provided only by true religion. Christ provides that religion.
Relativity is the universal actuality in which we live and move, in which we exist. Our existential being transcends this relativity. It is both imminent and immanent, but its essential character is immanence. Our being is absolute. It is precisely the self, the image of our being projected into our actuality, that is relative, and therefore not real.
“Cogito ergo sum” involves a separation of the thinking subject from its ground in the being of the absolute and thereby with its subjective identification with all forms of life. It is both the beginning of the modern scientific method and the beginning of modern human’s artificial life in the city and it confirms the identification of reflective thought with the fall of man.
Everything negative flows from the idea and primarily from the idea of the individual self which is a negative image of the soul’s absolute being invented by the intellect fallen from contemplation of the absolute reality of good and projected into a relative actuality of good and evil, constructed for millennia by a conspiracy of fallen souls attracted to the negative in existence and enamored of evil. Small wonder that the world is as it is. Fortunately evil is only relative! Nothing, the nothing of being which is spirit, is absolute, cannot be negated and annuls relativity. Ahem!!
We live in a world of relativity, an actuality limited by the boundaries of sensory apprehension, emotional response and rational thought. It is precisely religion that introduces the absolute into this relativity, not as idea but as transcendent reality. Religion instructs us that there is a reality beyond the actuality circumscribed by these boundaries. This reality is transcendent and absolute while existence is intellectual and relative. Existence is an objective invention of the human intellect that has fallen from a subjective contemplation of a reality that is spiritual and absolute. The rational intellect fails to distinguish between being and existence and denies the reality of the absolute, of spirit and of being. The absolute does not exist, that is to say that it is not confined within human intellectual existence. Absolute being is, an eternal, spiritual nothingness, infinite and absolute from which we emerged and to which we shall return. To realize that being, our own absolute being, we need religion which provides a dogma of faith in a transcendent reality. Whether we like it or not, whether we admit it or not, we are held captive in a world of both good and evil, of both positive and negative, and a world moreover where we are immersed in the negative which increases in power over us and where the good is apparently diminishing. To be redeemed from this world we need a moral discipline founded on the absolute principles which science cannot provide, but only religion.
Morality is the discipline of the relationship with absolute being, the discipline of the relationship between one’s own soul and one’s own absolute being. Sin may be exactly defined as the fruit of a dis-relationship between one’s soul and one’s being. Sin is therefore immorality. The expression of the self, the projection of an image of one’s soul, one’s absolute being, into the relativity of existence, involves immorality. The soul turns away from its own being towards existence, away from the absolute towards the relative, away from a morality based on absolute principles towards an ethics based on relative values. This can quite easily be defined as a fall, emulating that of Adam who fell from an immediate comprehension of absolute good into a reflective apprehension of good and evil, or positive and negative. Here the Cartesian ‘cogito ergo sum’ becomes ‘cogito ergo non sum’ since reflective thought carries us from contemplation on the unity of being into reflection on the duality of existence, or non-being.
Is an authentic human life possible without peace? Since such a life must express the reality of our absolute being within the relative actualities of existence peace would seem to be an absolute necessity, as would be all other absolute attributes, freedom, justice, joy, love. Of course, these can also be relative attributes within the actualities of our existence but in the reality of our being they must be absolute. In the actuality of existence they are possible but in the reality of our being they are necessary. The actualities in which we exist are now discovered to be unacceptable to our true being. Each human being must therefore make an existential movement of consciousness out of the actuality of his or her existence into the necessarily transcendent reality of absolute being, a step of faith.