The motion of matter within the expanding universe posits the existence of both space and time, and time posits a beginning and an end of space. At the beginning, there could have been no matter since there was no space in which matter could exist. The first atom of matter therefore posits space and the second atom of matter posits linear time. As matter expands, space expands and time measures precisely this expansion of space. Space precedes time, the first moment of time measuring the appearance of the second atom of space. Linear time did not begin at the first moment of the existence of space, which was not a moment of time but the eternal moment of the infinite void. The beginning of the ongoing process of the formation of the physical universe, whether it began with an atom of immense mass containing all of the density of matter that ever will be present in the physical universe as is postulated in the first theoretical law of thermodynamics, or whether it began with a simple atom of hydrogen containing one proton and one electron which divided and reproduced itself while continuing to disintegrate and associate into the various combinations of protons and electrons that make up the heavier elements expanding the universe of space in time within the infinite void, the beginning of this process is the beginning of a finite and temporal universe and not the beginning of the eternal void, which can have no beginning in time since it contains no space where physical matter could exist and time could come into play. The physical universe is a temporal space within which everything is relative, that came into existence within an eternal, infinite and absolute void. The physical theorists of academia also posit an infinite vacuum as the ground in which the universe began and posit the beginning of the universe of form as an inflationary moment that occurred before linear time began. This inflationary moment and this vacuum is, of course, the void of absolute being within which the physical universe came into existence, an eternal moment and an infinite void to which the expansion of the universe can only aspire and which it can never attain.
We apparently live in an expanding material universe within which everything is conceived as relative by the rational, human mind, a universe that began with the first appearance of space and time. Since this universe of relativity had a beginning it must also have an ending. Before the beginning there was nothing and after the end there will also be nothing. It is within this nothing, this void, that the physical universe is expanding its space and time. Viewed from within the universe of relativity the absolute is nothing, it does not exist, it simply is, inconceivable to the rational, human mind. Faith informs us that the void is spiritual; absolute, infinite and eternal, while the rational, human mind informs us that the physical universe is relative, finite and temporal. Only the relative universe exists, forming space and time, and it came into existence at its beginning within the absolute void, within a true vacuum in which there is not even a presentiment of materialism. The spiritual void is the ultimate reality and existence is not reality but a delusion of the rational, human mind.
Existence is not being. Existence, the field of relativity, only exists within the human intellect, discovered when the conscious mind moves from an immediate perception of the world as unity into a reflective cognizance of the world as a duality. Everything within existence is given a name and it is precisely the naming of things that calls them into intellectual existence. Existence is an invention of the objective human intellect that has fallen from a subjective contemplation of a reality that is spiritual and absolute. The soul falls from an immediate subjectivity to the absolute categories of being into a reflective perception of the relative categories of existence, from positive into positive and negative, from good into good and evil and from innocence into innocence and guilt. The reflective intellect fails to distinguish between reality and existence and, rejecting the void which cannot be experienced or thought, denies the reality of the absolute and of spiritual being. G-d does not exist, which is to say that G-d does not inhabit human intellectual existence. Absolute being simply is, eternal, infinite and absolute and to actualize that being we need faith in a transcendent reality. Whether we like it or not, whether we admit it or not, we are held captive in a world of duality, of both good and evil, of both positive and negative, of both attraction and repulsion and a world, moreover, where the negative appears to be increasing in power and the good diminishing. To be redeemed from that world each human being needs a moral discipline founded on absolute principles. Science cannot give that discipline, but only faith.
All anxiety is anxiety about nothing, the absolute nothingness of the void, the spiritual presence at the core of every living being. Filling this void with sensual baggage distracts us from its reality and places us within the illusion of relativity, the physical universe of time and space. Anxiety leads to despair, the condition of the soul that has lost its connection with its true being, and despair leads to death, the ultimate expression of the negative in existence.
The void, which is the ground of each human soul, is the same void within which the physical universe is expanding, an infinite, spiritual, emptiness. The soul which is consciously grounded in this emptiness is at one with its own transcendent being, absolute being. On the other hand, the soul which spurns the spiritual void and seeks fulfillment within the universe loses its connection to the eternal and wastes its lifetime filling the void at the center of its being with things of only relative value.
Cain is the archetype of the self, the fallen intellect which is constantly searching for the negative and exploiting it to advantage, and to the disadvantage of others, in order to justify itself in existence. When he is called to account for his brother’s blood, Cain refuses to accept the responsibility of his guilt. He has surrendered to the temptation of power, the ultimate power of the negative in existence, which is death. Yet rather than repent and carry the burden of guilt he chooses to willfully leave the immanent presence of absolute being in existence, his own spiritual being, with a fallen countenance. So is revealed the second movement of the fall, a fall into an intellectual consciousness that does not recognize the spiritual categories of being or acknowledge the actuality of sin. Fallen man thus becomes a creature who must construct his own world. This refusal to recognize objective intellectual existence as the actuality of sin is precisely the mark of Cain and is the defining mark of pagan life.
There is no evolutionary benchmark for the development of agriculture. It arrived in human consciousness some other way than through the evolutionary process. According to my thesis, the spread of farming began at the expulsion from the Garden of Eden, conceptually coincidental with an aboriginal catastrophe, the fall of human beings from an immediate apprehension of the absolute reality of being into a reflective conception of the relative actuality of existence. To conceive is to grasp objectively, and the history of modern man is the history of fallen humanity’s projection of an objective conceptual actuality into the reality of nature, which must be apprehended subjectively if humankind is to re-enter reality.
Languages also developed from a common root and a common center. The spread of farming into Europe appears to be coincidental with the spread of the Indo-European language group from Anatolia and Mesopotamia after a great flood, and it is precisely farming with the ability to provide food for large groupings of people that makes possible the growth of the urban centers of civilization which make up the modern world. These huge population centers, which the earth suffers to sustain, may be seen as the fulfillment of the biblical curse placed upon the earth through Adam and the second biblical curse placed upon Cain’s descendants following his killing of his brother Abel which represent a double fall of consciousness from the contemplation of absolute being into a reflective and conceptual actuality of existence. This fall can only be remedied by a opposing double movement of consciousness, acknowledgment of and turning away from the negative self in material existence and a leap of faith back into the reality of the human soul’s spiritual being.
Reality is transcendent to every actuality, as the absolute is transcendent to the relative. Reality is spiritual, encompassing the void and the physical universe within the void. The universe is a universe of relativity in which the only presence of the absolute is the presence of the void at the center of each living being. Within the relative actualities there can be no absolutes. These relative actualities are limited by the boundaries of rational thought, and it is precisely faith that introduces the absolute into the actual universe, not as idea but as transcendent reality. Faith instructs us that there is a reality beyond the actuality of intellectual existence. This reality is transcendent and absolute while existence is intellectual and relative.
Modern man, alone on the earth, perhaps alone in the universe, has a three-dimensional consciousness, a consciousness that is sensual, emotional, and intellectual. Intellectual consciousness is a reflective consciousness that forms the idea, a negative image of the world of immediate experience, in the imagination. The entire reflective thought process is thus based on the discovery of the negative, the possibility of the idea formed in the imagination. The actualization of this idea negates subjective immediacy and projects an objective possibility into existence. Reflection annuls immediate consciousness and the reflective soul, leaving the reality of being and forming the idea of the individuality of the self in the imagination, enters into an intellectual existence, breaking the bonds of immediacy and subjectivity and establishing its own objective actuality. It is precisely the projection of various negative images of individuality into the intellectual actuality of existence that annuls innocence and the immediate relationship with the absolute and veils the instinctive and intuitive consciousness of human being. The existential understanding of the unity of being, the good, is surrendered to the discovery of the duality of existence, good and evil.
The physical universe apprehended and explained by human conceptual thought, which grasps the object and conceives the objective world, consists only of dust and ashes and the immanent phenomenon of life. This world of objectivity only takes shape through the elimination of subjectivity. It exists but cannot articulate reality, since reality demands the subjectivity of human consciousness to the absolute categories. Existence is an actuality imposed upon the natural world by human invention and therefore limited to the expression of that which is objective and rational. Thus the objective world exists but is not real. Consequently the phenomenon of life as subjective consciousness becomes our sole avenue into the reality described by the absolute categories of being. The construction of an objective world proves to be an error on the path of development for human consciousness, a descent from that subjective and immediate apprehension of the absolute which is familiar to all forms of life into a conceptual framework of an invented and artificial actuality imposed upon the reality of nature as human civilization.
The spiritual categories of being are the absolute, the infinite, and the eternal, while the intellectual categories of existence are the relative, the finite, and the temporal. It is impossible for the intellect which denies the reality of the absolute and its categories and can only have knowledge of the relative categories of existence to comprehend the immanent presence of absolute being within the confines of the physical universe. This spiritual presence necessarily appears as paradox to the rational intellect, which can neither apprehend any infinite data nor confirm any experiential knowledge of the absolute categories. The use of infinities and absolutes in scientific hypotheses and mathematical calculations prove to be either mere inventions of the fallen intellect intent upon denying a lack of understanding, or a subtle acknowledgment of the transcendent reality defined by the absolute categories.