Modern man, alone on the earth, perhaps alone in the universe, has a three-dimensional consciousness, a consciousness that is sensual, emotional, and intellectual. Intellectual consciousness is a reflective consciousness that forms the idea, a negative image of the world of immediate experience, in the imagination. The entire reflective thought process is thus based on the discovery of the negative, the possibility of the idea formed in the imagination. The actualization of this idea negates subjective immediacy and projects an objective possibility into existence. Reflection annuls immediate consciousness and the reflective soul, leaving the reality of being and forming the idea of the individuality of the self in the imagination, enters into an intellectual existence, breaking the bonds of immediacy and subjectivity and establishing its own objective actuality. It is precisely the projection of various negative images of individuality into the intellectual actuality of existence that annuls innocence and the immediate relationship with the absolute and veils the instinctive and intuitive consciousness of human being. The existential understanding of the unity of being, the good, is surrendered to the discovery of the duality of existence, good and evil.
Existence is conceptual within the human mind and may be both defined and approached through dialectic. Reality, however, is absolute and so is not limited by the boundaries of that human rational thought which outlines and defines existence dialectically in terms of the idea. The reality in which we live as subjects is spiritual, an absolute being, infinitely conscious and eternally alive, immanent within and yet transcendent to the physical universe that exists within its infinite void. The physical universe that human consciousness describes as the realm of existence is an actuality bounded by the limitations of human rationality and the scientific method of thought which explores that finite universe cannot uncover the nature of a reality that is transcendent and spiritual. The consciousness of existence is an intellectual consciousness based on an idea which rejects the reality of the spiritual void, while the consciousness of absolute being is a spiritual consciousness which comprehends and transcends the idea. The spiritual transcends the intellectual as being transcends existence.
The negative image of its absolute and eternal being which the soul projects into intellectual existence, the artificial world of the city, is precisely the idea of the individual self. Leaving behind the reality of absolute being the soul enters the delusion of intellectual existence. Abjuring the absolute categories of the infinite and the eternal, leaving behind the absolute values of morality, justice, peace and mercy, the fallen soul becomes self-conscious within the relative actualities of existence, affirming its own existence as an individual self, a negative image of being. Whereas the soul is guided by moral values founded on absolute principles the self, an image of non-being projected into intellectual existence, rejects morality, the values of absolute principles, and constructs systems of ethics founded on relative principles.
The reality of being is absolute and transcendent to every actuality in existence. This absolute being is spiritual, encompassing the void and the physical universe within the void. The universe is a universe of relativity in which the only presence of the absolute is the presence of the void at the center of each living being. Within the relative actualities there can be no absolutes. These relative actualities are limited by the boundaries of rational thought, and it is precisely faith that introduces the absolute into the actual universe, not as idea but as transcendent reality. Faith instructs us that the reality of being transcends the actuality of intellectual existence. This reality is transcendent and absolute while existence is intellectual and confined to a rational universe where everything is relative.
“Cogito ergo sum” involves a separation of the thinking subject from its ground in the being of the absolute and thereby with its subjective identification with all forms of life. It is both the beginning of the modern scientific method and the beginning of modern human’s artificial life in the city and it confirms the identification of reflective thought with the fall of man.
Everything negative flows from the idea and primarily from the idea of the individual self which is a negative image of the soul’s absolute being invented by the intellect fallen from contemplation of the absolute reality of good and projected into a relative actuality of good and evil, constructed for millennia by a conspiracy of fallen souls attracted to the negative in existence and enamored of evil. Small wonder that the world is as it is. Fortunately evil is only relative! Nothing, the nothing of being which is spirit, is absolute, cannot be negated and annuls relativity. Ahem!!
We live in a world of relativity, an actuality limited by the boundaries of sensory apprehension, emotional response and rational thought. It is precisely religion that introduces the absolute into this relativity, not as idea but as transcendent reality. Religion instructs us that there is a reality beyond the actuality circumscribed by these boundaries. This reality is transcendent and absolute while existence is intellectual and relative. Existence is an objective invention of the human intellect that has fallen from a subjective contemplation of a reality that is spiritual and absolute. The rational intellect fails to distinguish between being and existence and denies the reality of the absolute, of spirit and of being. The absolute does not exist, that is to say that it is not confined within human intellectual existence. Absolute being is, an eternal, spiritual nothingness, infinite and absolute from which we emerged and to which we shall return. To realize that being, our own absolute being, we need religion which provides a dogma of faith in a transcendent reality. Whether we like it or not, whether we admit it or not, we are held captive in a world of both good and evil, of both positive and negative, and a world moreover where we are immersed in the negative which increases in power over us and where the good is apparently diminishing. To be redeemed from this world we need a moral discipline founded on the absolute principles which science cannot provide, but only religion.